INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY
(also available as a pdf document)
AIMS AND SCOPE: Reporting High-Quality Research in Spectroscopy
Applied Spectroscopy is an international journal for the publication of original research and review articles covering all aspects of spectroscopy. The journal seeks to be comprehensive in scope, with its primary aim the publication of papers on both the fundamentals and applications of photon-based spectroscopy. These include, but are not limited to, ultraviolet-visible absorption; fluorescence and phosphorescence; mid-infrared, Raman, near-infrared, terahertz, microwave, and atomic absorption; emission; laser-induced breakdown spectroscopies (and ICP-MS); as well as cutting-edge hyphenated and interdisciplinary techniques.
Fundamental topics include, but are not restricted to, the theory of optical spectra and their interpretation, instrumentation design, and operational principles. Reports of spectral processing methodologies such as 2D correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS), baseline correction, and chemometric methods applied to spectra are also strongly encouraged. Application papers are intended to feature novel, innovative applications of spectroscopic methods and techniques. Papers from all fields of scientific endeavor in which applied spectroscopy can be utilized will be considered for publication. Representative fields include chemistry, physics, biological and health sciences, environmental science, materials science, archeology and art conservation, and forensic science.
In addition to full papers, the journal publishes Rapid Communications, Spectroscopic Techniques, Notes, and Correspondence related to previously published papers. A regular feature of the journal, “Focal Point Reviews”, provides definitive, comprehensive reviews of spectroscopic techniques and applications and are available as Gold Open Access. The journal encourages the submission of proposals for consideration for Focal Point Review articles.
The Benefits of Submitting to Applied Spectroscopy:
• Fast times to publication
• Early online publication of articles ahead of print (preprints)
• No page charges (other than for papers published as Gold Open Access)
• No color figure charges for SAS members
• Electronic articles available on three separate online platforms:
• SAS website, for SAS members: http://www.s-a-s.org
• Optics Infobase: http://www.opticsinfobase.org/as/home.cfm
• Utilization of CrossRef, allowing readers to link directly to a reference from within the PDF of an article, with DOIs (digital object identifiers) assigned and available immediately upon acceptance
• Free high-resolution PDF reprint made available to corresponding authors after publication (this file is for personal use only and may not be distributed outside of fair use guidelines without written permission from the Society for Applied Spectroscopy)
• Applied Spectroscopy is abstracted and/or indexed in
• EBSCO Academic Search
• BIOSIS Previews
• Chemical Abstracts Service/CASSI
• Current Contents
• Science Citation Index
All manuscript submissions are handled electronically through the journal’s online submission system, AllenTrack. Manuscripts can be submitted by visiting http://applspec.allentrack.net and following the instructions. A link to our submission site can also be found on the Society for Applied Spectroscopy website at http://www.s-a-s.org, on the journal home page. Further clarification of selected submission topics are addressed at the Manuscript Submission FAQ at http://www.s-a-s.org/journal/FAQ/.
Submission and peer review questions should be addressed to:
Michael W. Blades, Editor-in-Chief
Department of Chemistry
University of British Columbia
2036 Main Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1 Canada
Submitted manuscripts should contain original material that has not been previously published and must not be under simultaneous consideration for publication elsewhere. Submissions should be accompanied by a cover letter outlining the findings of the paper and their significance in terms of novelty and importance. Additionally, if the paper is submitted as Gold Open Access, please clearly specify this request in the cover letter and identify that the work will be made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.
Every paper submitted to Applied Spectroscopy that is judged by the editors to be within the Aims and Scope and of suitable quality for Applied Spectroscopy will be peer reviewed. Manuscripts that are deemed to be inappropriate in terms of subject matter, completeness, ethics, or quality of the written language may be declined.
Types of Articles
Original research papers should be detailed reports of the authors’ work in a particular research area. The work, or a substantial and identifiable portion of the work, should be complete.
Rapid Communications may report significant results originating from research that is not yet complete.
Spectroscopic Techniques should address a specific new, novel, and useful technique as applied to an area of spectroscopy.
Notes are brief communications, usually of no more than 2000 words, describing a new instrument, a particularly interesting finding, or a novel application.
Correspondence should address an author’s questions or concerns regarding a specific paper and may be answered by the authors of that paper in the same or a subsequent issue of Applied Spectroscopy.
Form and Preparation of Manuscripts
Manuscripts must be submitted as editable word-processing files. MS Word files (.doc, .docx, .rtf) are preferred. Files will be accepted in LaTeX (.tex); however, because of the difficulty of translating files in this format to the typesetting system, it is discouraged. All LaTeX submissions must be accompanied by a PDF of the submission in which all symbols and equations appear correctly.
To be acceptable for submission to Applied Spectroscopy, a manuscript must adhere to certain formatting standards. These standards assist our reviewers in their reading of your material:
(1) Please use Times or Times New Roman, 12-point font, double-spaced throughout; this requirement holds for abstracts, body of the text, references, footnotes, tables, and all captions.
(2) All tables and figures must be numbered consecutively, tables with Roman numerals and Figures with Arabic numerals. Tables and figures may be integrated into the first draft of the text, which simplifies the review process, but figures should also be uploaded as individual files.
(3) References should be collected in a list at the end of the document, following the conventions described later in these instructions. References should never appear as footnotes and footnotes should never appear in the reference list.
A manuscript should have a straightforward title that adequately describes the primary area of research and the technique or methodology utilized. All terms should be written out in full. However, acronyms or abbreviations that are likely to be used in an online literature search should be included in parentheses. For example: “Extended Range Near-Infrared (NIR) Imaging of Water and Oil in Facial Skin.”
An abstract must accompany each submitted article. The abstract should mention the subjects studied and new methods used, new observations, and conclusions. Brief numerical results and their accuracy are encouraged. Introductory material should not be placed in the abstract.
(1) Avoid using abbreviations or acronyms without prior definition. Unusual abbreviations or acronyms will be changed to conform to journal format.
(2) References are not allowed in the abstract; if other work must be cited, please give the entire citation in parentheses.
(3) Index headings should be included after the abstract. These should contain at least four and no more than ten key words that best describe the classification of the paper. Both written-out terms and abbreviations should be included (i.e., NIR spectroscopy; near-infrared spectroscopy). This facilitates the process of searching for articles on the Internet. Each term should be capitalized and separated by a semi-colon.
The spectroscopic nomenclature must comply with the conventions recommended by the International System of Units (SI) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). A brief summary of acceptable terms and their accurate use appears periodically on the back page of Applied Spectroscopy and is available on the journal’s website.
(1) Define acronyms and abbreviations on first use, followed by the acronym or abbreviation in parentheses.
(2) Please do not begin a paragraph with an acronym or abbreviation and avoid their use in headings where possible and practical.
(3) Provide names of manufacturers in parentheses for instruments, equipment, and materials.
(4) Latin terms (i.e., et al., in vivo, ca.) should not be italicized.
Take great care with mathematical equations and expressions. Math that is not properly set may be re-keyed, increasing the possibility of error:
(1) “Display” equations should be set apart by line breaks and should be created using MathType or MS Word Equation Editor. They should have no ending punctuation, should be numbered consecutively in parentheses (i.e., (1), (2), (3), etc.), and should not be linked as fields within the manuscript.
(2) Display equations should be immediately followed by a description of the variables used.
(3) Shorter mathematical expressions should appear in the text (“in-line”). These should be created using standard keyboard characters and the “Insert Symbol” palette whenever possible. MathType or Equation Editor should only be used when absolutely necessary, i.e., for stacked subscripts and superscripts, .
(4) Conventions for publishing mathematics should be followed. All Greek characters should appear in normal face (i.e., Roman, not italic). All variables represented by a Latin letter should be in italics. All constants and designators (i.e., λmax) should be in normal (Roman) face. Vectors should be lowercase bold and matrices should be uppercase bold (both in normal, Roman, face).
(5) Refer to equations using ‘‘Eq. #’’ in the body of the text or ‘‘Equation #’’ when beginning a sentence. Do not use the abbreviation “Eqn.”
(6) Do not repeat mathematical derivations that are easily found elsewhere in the literature; merely cite the references.
Color figures where necessary to provide clarity are encouraged and are printed without charge for members of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. There is a nominal fee ($150 per article) for non-members. A one-year complimentary membership to the Society for Applied Spectroscopy is included for the corresponding author, should they desire it, upon payment of the color-figure fee. Please note, however, that color should be used appropriately. Color should not be used to specify multiple lines and points in simple x,y plots when different line styles (solid, dashed, dotted) or plotting symbols in a black-and-white figure are equally effective.
(1) For the first draft of a submitted manuscript, figures may be submitted in two ways. Each figure may be embedded in the text with the caption located immediately underneath the image or the figures may be located in separate files. PDFs of figures are acceptable upon first submission of a paper.
(2) When a revised manuscript is uploaded or upon acceptance of a manuscript, high-resolution figure files must be uploaded individually to AllenTrack. The following high-resolution formats are preferred: .tif, .eps, .pdf, and .jpg. It is best to save the file as a native .tif (with LZW compression), .jpg, or .pdf, if at all possible. Grayscale and color images should be a minimum of 300 dpi; line art must be a minimum of 1200 dpi; a combination of grayscale and color should be a minimum of 600 dpi for best resolution enlarged to fit a single column at 3.5 inches (88.9 mm). The easiest formula to use when preparing figures and images for Applied Spectroscopy is:
pixel width = column width in inches (3.5) x final desired resolution (600 dpi)
For a comprehensive online guide covering the graphics file formats and conversion processes used for Applied Spectroscopy, consult http://allenpress.com/system/files/pdfs/library/apmk_digital_art.pdf.
(3) Use a sans serif font to label figure elements.
(4) The majority of figures will appear in the journal at a column width measuring 8.8 cm (3.5 inches). Larger images requiring greater detail or figures containing multiple panels may be printed at up to 18 cm (7.1 inches) wide. Axis labels, symbols, and line widths should be clearly visible at this size. Letters and numbers, for example, should be no less than 1.5 mm high, and symbols should be no less than 1.0 mm high.
(5) If a figure consists of multiple panels or parts, all parts should be provided together in one image arranged as you wish them to appear in print. Figure parts are labeled with lowercase letters (e.g., (a), (b), (c), etc.).
(6) A caption must be included at the end of the manuscript for each figure. Captions should not be included in the figure image. However, the inclusion in a figure of line or symbol legends that are not easily reproduced in text is encouraged. Captions should provide a detailed description of the figure content.
(7) Every figure must be referred to in the main text in consecutive numerical order.
(8) For figures that have been published elsewhere, the author must obtain written permission from the publisher/copyright owner to reproduce them. Proper acknowledgment at the end of the figure caption is made as follows: [Reproduced with permission from Society/Journal.18] where “Society/Journal” is the copyright holder and “18” is the appropriate full citation in the reference list.
(9) Important spectra that are necessary for the proper development of the paper will be published. Large collections of routine spectra will not be published in Applied Spectroscopy. However, supplemental electronic files such as spectra or video can be published and maintained through the Society for Applied Spectroscopy website. Please see the Supplemental Material section below for more information.
(1) For the first draft of a submitted manuscript, tables may be submitted in two ways. Each table may be embedded in the text with the caption located immediately above the table, or the tables may be located at the end of the manuscript. When the final version of the manuscript has been accepted for publication, each embedded table must be removed from the text and placed at the end of the manuscript.
(2) Tables must be in an editable format, such as .doc. Pictures or images of tables that cannot be edited are not acceptable.
(3) Each table must be numbered (with a Roman numeral) consecutively in order of appearance.
(4) Each table must carry a caption at its head.
(5) Table footnotes, including definitions of abbreviations or terms, should be included after the table (not in the table) and they must be lettered consecutively, with a superscript a, b, etc. If a reference is cited in a table, it should be numbered consecutively with regard to the table’s first mention in the text and the reference should be included in the reference list and not in the table footnotes.
(1) All comments or ancillary information should be included as footnotes and should not appear in the list of references.
(2) Footnotes other than table footnotes should be inserted using MS Word’s “Insert Footnote” tool (or alternately, placed on the bottom of the page of the paper on which they appear).
(3) Footnotes other than table footnotes should be designated using the following symbols: *, †, ‡ §, **, ††, ‡‡, and §§ in that order.
(4) Care must be taken that footnote material is not overly long. Footnotes longer than two or three sentences should be reworked for inclusion within the text, possibly as a separate paragraph or as a parenthetical statement.
Electronic publishing methods allow Applied Spectroscopy to provide additional materials to its readers that would not normally be feasible in print. The journal maintains an archive of supplemental material online through its host platform, Ingenta, with each file directly linked to the online version of the primary article. Supplemental material should support and enhance the existing article or supply further information that is of too limited interest to be included in the journal. Examples of such material include tables of raw data, additional figures, including routine spectra, that are not essential to the primary manuscript, repetitive details of experimental procedures, and detailed mathematical derivations.
Please note that supplemental material will be peer reviewed. However, it will not normally be edited for content, style, or format by the editorial staff. Authors are solely responsible for the content of supplemental material. This also means that the data will be made available free of charge to any interested user. Text documents will normally be converted to PDFs, as these are easily downloadable and readable on most computing platforms. Figures should be embedded within text documents, either in the text or at the end. Tables provided in Excel format will also typically be converted to PDF. If you wish to provide a table of raw data in a form that can be easily used by other researchers, or some other native format, such as a .jpg from which color/intensity information can be extracted, please include a note with your cover letter stating that you wish that material to remain in its native format. Please note that files should not exceed 10 MB in size in order to facilitate downloading.
The existence of supplemental material should be noted briefly in the text, usually parenthetically or in a footnote. After the Acknowledgments, include a brief statement describing the nature of the material, using the following example as a guideline:
All supplemental material mentioned in the text, including three figures, two tables, and a description of a procedure, is available in the online version of the journal, at http://www.s-a-s.org.
All references cited in the text should be collected in a reference list at the end of the manuscript, but before figure captions and tables. Citation formats are given below.
(1) References should consist solely of citations to material that has been published elsewhere, i.e., in journals, books, technical reports, etc.
(2) Papers that have been submitted or accepted for publication may be cited using the authors, the full title of the article, and the journal title, followed by “paper submitted” or “paper in press,” and the year. If a DOI is available for papers that are in press but not yet published, it should be included after the year. “In preparation” and “To be submitted” citations are generally unacceptable.
(3) References to “unpublished data” or “private communications” are acceptable, but they should be cited as footnotes in the text and should identify the source of the information cited, such as name, institution, type of communication, and year.
(4) Electronic publications, such as web pages, databases, or on-line reports, may be cited by including the author or authoring organization, the name of the page or database if available, the date the page was created, if available, the full URL, and the date the material was accessed by the author.
(5) All references must be numbered consecutively in order of appearance in the text. Reference citations in the text should appear as Arabic numerals (without parentheses or brackets), placed as superscripts, outside punctuation marks. Ranges of references should be shown using an en dash (2–5) rather than written out (2,3,4,5,)
Example of reference citations in the text:
The equipment used8—inexpensive and easily constructed in the laboratory—met the criteria established by Smith et al.9,10 In later experiments, Jones and Percy,11–13 who perfected the technique, found modifications unnecessary.
(6) Each reference number should refer to only one article, chapter, or book; multiple citations within one reference are not acceptable.
(7) Direct quotes from other sources must be cited, including the page number where the quoted material appears.
Formats and Samples for Citations
All references should be double-spaced and in 12-point font, collected in a list at the end of the manuscript. Journal titles should be abbreviated using the standard ACS/CASSI abbreviations (http://cassi.cas.org/search.jsp). A searchable database of titles and their abbreviations is also available at http://scieng.library.ubc.ca/coden/#TOP.
PERIODICALS—the ordering is as follows:
Authors. “Title of the Article”. Full journal name (abbreviated). Year. Volume number(issue number): page range.
1. E.C. Navarre, J.M. Goldberg. “Design and Characterization of a Theta-Pinch Imploding Thin Film Plasma Source for Atomic Emission Spectrochemical Analysis”. Appl. Spectrosc. 2010. 65(1): 26–35.
2. A. Vrij. “Possible Mechanism for the Spontaneous Rupture of Thin, Free Liquid Films”. Discuss. Faraday Soc. 1966. 42: 23–33.
3. C. Global Conformational Dynamics of a Y-Family DNA Polymerase during Catalysis”. PLoS Biol. 2009. 7(10): e1000225. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000225.
BOOKS—the ordering is as follows:
Authors. “Title of chapter”. In: Editor Names, editor. Title of Book. Location of Publisher: Name of Publisher, Year. Vol. #, Chap. #, Pages cited.
1. P.R. Griffiths. “Introduction to the Theory and Instrumentation for Vibrational Spectroscopy”. In: E.C.Y. Li-Chan, J.M. Chalmers, P.R. Griffiths, editors. Applications of Vibrational Spectroscopy to Food Science. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons, 2010.
2. Y. Ozaki. “Application in Chemistry”. In: H.W. Siesler, Y. Ozaki, S. Kawata, H.M. Heise, editors. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy: Principles, Instruments, Applications. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH, 2002. Pp. 179-211.
3. W.H. Press, S.A. Teukolsky, W.T. Vetterling, P.B. Flannery. Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1999. 2nd ed.
THESES—the ordering is as follows:
Author. Title of Thesis. [M.S. or Ph.D. Thesis/Dissertation]. Location of institution: Name of institution, year.
1. A.-M. Saariaho. Resonance Raman Spectroscopy in the Analysis of Residual Lignin and Other Unsaturated Structures in Chemical Pulps. [Doctor of Science in Technology Dissertation]. Espoo, Finland: Helsinki University of Technology, 2005.
Inventor name. Item description. Patent number. Filed Year. Issued Year.
1. M. Foquet, P. Peluso, S. Turner, D. B. Roitman, G. Otto. Zero Mode Waveguide Substrate. US Patent 7486865. Filed 2007. Issued 2009.
Papers, posters, or workshops presented at a meeting:
1. S. Student. “Title of My Paper”. Paper (poster) presented at: FACSS 2011. Reno, NV; Sept 30–Oct 5 2011.
2. S.M. Clegg, J.E. Barefield, R.C. Wiens, C.R. Quick, S.K. Sharma, A.K. Misra, M.D. Dyar, M.C. McCanta, L. Elkins-Tanton. Workshop on Venus Geochemistry: Progress, Prospects, and New Missions. Workshop presented at: Venus Geochemistry: Progress, Prospects, and New Missions. Gilruth Center, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX; February 26–27, 2009.
At a minimum, provide the URL and the date that the reference was last accessed. Any further information, particularly the author of a page, the host organization, copyright dates, or a DOI, should also be provided. A few examples follow:
1. Unicef. “Health: Malaria”. 2009. http://www.unicef.org/health/index_malaria.html [accessed Oct 15 2011].
2. United States Department of Labor, OSHA. “Safety and Health Topics: Laser Hazards”. Page last reviewed Jan 10 2008. http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/laserhazards/ [accessed Jan 11 2011].
CrossRef and DOIs
Applied Spectroscopy participates in the digital object identifier (DOI) initiatives of CrossRef (http://www.crossref.org). DOIs of cited material should be included in references whenever possible. Please include the DOI as the last element in a citation, followed by a period, i.e., DOI: 10.1366/11-06598.
A manuscript sent back to an author for revision should be returned within six months; otherwise, it will be considered a new manuscript and must be resubmitted. Revised manuscripts and figures should be submitted online, as noted above, and accompanied by a letter listing the responses to the reviewers’ concerns.
Proofs are provided to the corresponding author via email as a PDF. The author must respond within 48 hours with approval of the manuscript or with corrections to the manuscript. Corrections can be marked directly on the PDF and may be accompanied by a written list detailing the corrections, either in the email or in a separate document.
Take great care that revised manuscripts are accurate and complete. All editing for style and clarity should be included in the final submitted revision. Some alterations in the proof stage are unavoidable, but the cost of extensive alterations in proof will be charged to the author. There is no charge for correction of errors made during copy-editing or typesetting, but corrections to author’s errors in the original manuscript in excess of five will be billed to the corresponding author at a rate of US$5.00 per alteration.
Authors are reminded to read the proof very carefully. Final proofreading responsibility resides with them. Papers will not be published without final approval of the proof by the author.
The ACS Style Guide: A Manual for Authors and Editors, 3rd ed., Janet S. Dodd, Ed. (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 2006) contains much valuable information on the proper preparation of manuscripts, illustrations, and tables, as well as lists of acceptable abbreviations, spectroscopic nomenclature, etc.
All correspondence should be addressed to: Michael W. Blades, Editor-in-Chief, Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, 2036 Main Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1. Queries and comments can be sent by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Reference must be made to author(s), article title, and manuscript number.
FUNDING AGENCY COMPLIANCE POLICIES
Applied Spectroscopy encourages and supports author compliance with the directives of various funding bodies, including depositing articles in repositories or compliance with the directives of various funding bodies that require grantees to place a version of the accepted manuscript in an open digital archive, such as PubMed Central after an embargo period. For authors funded through NIH (USA) and CIHR (Canada), Applied Spectroscopy will facilitate this process at the author’s request by uploading a PDF version of the manuscript to PubMed Central after the mandated embargo period has expired. Currently, there is no charge for this service. Our specific policy regarding NIH funding is detailed below. Requirements of other funding bodies should be communicated to the journal office so that we may help you meet them.
National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access Policy
In compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy, papers resulting from NIH-funded research that are accepted for publication in Applied Spectroscopy may be uploaded to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central. The Society for Applied Spectroscopy hereby acknowledges that Authors retain the right to submit to PubMed a copy of their final, accepted manuscript as it was submitted to Applied Spectroscopy. Alternatively, Authors may purchase the right to post a PDF copy of the final published version of their paper through the Copyright Clearance Center (www. copyright.com). Authors should then forward their confirmation to the Managing Editor (Kristin MacDonald at email@example.com) to receive a PDF copy of the published article, which the Author may then submit to PubMed. Please select the 12-month embargo period option when submitting articles to PubMed. Responsibility for compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy lies with the author.
OPEN ACCESS POLICY
There are two primary vehicles for delivering Open Access (OA) for research articles: Green Open Access and Gold Open Access.
Gold Open Access
For Gold Open Access the publisher makes the final published form of the article freely available. For Applied Spectroscopy Gold OA articles are flagged by the journal host (http://www.ingentaconnect.com) as “open access content” and can be downloaded for free by anyone with Internet access. Gold OA articles are subject to the same rigorous peer review as all other submitted articles.
If you submit a paper for consideration as Gold OA, please clearly specify your request in the cover letter. Additionally, identify that the work will be made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license. If the paper is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will be billed $200 per published page and asked to sign Applied Spectroscopy's applicable copyright agreement.
Green Open Access
For Green Open Access the publisher provides access to the paper for journal subscribers for a defined period of time (the embargo period) and after that period expires a production form of the paper is placed in an archive or repository where it is freely accessible. The form of the paper that is made available varies from publisher to publisher. For Applied Spectroscopy, the final published version of the paper is made available (as a PDF).
Focal Point Reviews
In keeping with the mandate of the Society to “… advance and disseminate knowledge and information concerning the art and science of spectroscopy and other allied sciences the journal is supporting and facilitating open access to its content. Since 1994 Applied Spectroscopy has been featuring review papers (called Focal Point Reviews) on different aspects of fundamental and applied spectroscopy. These review papers are peer-reviewed and are intended to provide an introduction, overview, and perspective on the subject of the review. As a service to the analytical chemistry and spectroscopy community, these papers are available as Gold OA. We hope that through this initiative we can provide a resource for researchers, students, and the general public to learn more about spectroscopy and its many uses in fields such as chemistry, physics, biological and health sciences, environmental science, materials science, archeology and art conservation, and forensic science.
Gold OA: Page Charges
At the author’s request, Applied Spectroscopy will publish, as Gold OA, submitted articles for which a voluntary page charge of $200 per published page is levied to provide for open access when the article is published.
Gold OA Copyright
Authors who choose this “Gold OA” option agree that the work will be made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode
The Society for Applied Spectroscopy, as the copyright holder, grants the rights described by the Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 International license and will allow unrestricted access to the final published article from the Society's website or repository.
The author(s) may also place a final published version of the article into a repository of their choice for non-commercial, educational purposes.
The published manuscript will be marked by Applied Spectroscopy to identify that the work is being released under the terms of this license.