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Chemical Reduction Method for Preparation of Silver Nanoparticles on a Silver Chloride Substrate for Application in Surface-Enhanced Infrared Optical Sensors
Volume 64, Number 10 (Oct. 2010) Page 1094-1099
Rao, Gadupudi Purna Chandra; Yang, Jyisy
A new method for the preparation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on silver chloride discs was developed to integrate the unique properties of plasmonic nanoparticles into infrared optical sensing technologies. AgNP layers exhibiting strong infrared surface enhancement were prepared by reacting silver chloride discs in a solution containing hydrazine, which acts as a reducing agent. The silver ions in the outer layer of the disc could be reduced under proper conditions and the reduced silver coagulated to form suitable AgNPs for surface-enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA) measurements. To examine the influences of the reaction solution composition and also to optimize preparation of SEIRA substrates, factors such as pH value, reaction time, and concentration of reducing agent were examined. Results indicated that both the concentrations of hydrazine and hydroxide strongly influenced the SEIRA signals. The strongest signals were observed when AgNPs on a AgCl substrate were prepared by using a reducing solution of 20 mM NaOH with 0.75 mM hydrazine. Using the optimized substrates, intense SEIRA spectra were observed with an enhancement factor around two orders of magnitude compared to measurements made using conventional sampling techniques.