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Real-Time, in-Situ, Extinction Spectroscopy Studies on Silver-Nanoseed Formation
Volume 64, Number 12 (Dec. 2010) Page 1407-1415
BIN TANG, SHUPING XU, XIAOGUANG JIAN, JINLONG TAO, and WEIQING XU*
In this paper, real-time extinction spectroscopy was employed to analyze in situ the fast formation process of silver seeds. The influencing factors for silver-seed formation, including the concentration of the reducer (NaBH4), the amount of stabilizer (citrate), and the addition procedure of NaBH4, were evaluated. The configuration of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectra of silver nanoparticles, which reflected the morphology of the produced silver seeds, was found to be distinctly affected by the NaBH4 concentration. Homogeneous silver nanoparticles were obtained when the added NaBH4 was lower in concentration than 2.00 mM. In contrast, higher concentrations of reducing agent (≥3.00 mM NaBH4) resulted in uneven silver nanoparticles. Mie theory was applied to clarify the correlation of the SPR and the size of the silver seeds. Repeated additions of a small amount of the reducing agent could increase the monodispersity and isotropy of silver seeds. Real-time extinction spectroscopy is a convenient technique that achieves the in-situ and nondestructive measurement of intermediates in the formation process of silver nanoseeds.
Index Headings: Extinction spectroscopy; Surface plasmon resonance; SPR; Silver nanoparticles; Silver seeds; Nanoparticles; NaBH4.