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Refractive-Index Matching Avoids Local Field Corrections and Scattering Bias in Solid-State Na2SO4 Ultraviolet Raman Cross-Section Measurements
Volume 66, Number 2 (Feb. 2012) Page 157-162
LULING WANG and SANFORD A. ASHER*
We report a refractive-index matching method to measure nonabsorbing solid ultraviolet (UV) Raman cross-sections that avoids the local field correction and interface scattering of incident light. We used refractive-index-matched chloroform as an internal standard to determine the solid-state 995 cm−1 Na2SO4 244 nm Raman cross-sections. The pure liquid chloroform 668 cm−1 244 nm Raman cross-section was determined by using acetonitrile as an internal standard and by calculating the local field corrections for the observed Raman intensities. Our measured 244 nm UV Raman cross-section of the solid-state 995 cm−1 SO42− band of 1.97 ± 0.07 × 10−28 cm2/(molc·sr) is about half of its aqueous solution Raman cross-section, indicating interactions between the sulfate species in the solid that decrease the Raman polarizability.