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### Evaluation of Apparent Viscosity of Para Rubber Latex by Diffuse Reflection Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

*Volume 66, Number 5 (May 2012) Page 595-599*

PANMANAS SIRISOMBOON,* RAWIPHAN CHOWBANKRANG, and PHIL WILLIAMS

Near-infrared spectroscopy in diffuse reflection mode was used to evaluate the apparent viscosity of Para rubber field latex and concentrated latex over the wavelength range of 1100 to 2500 nm, using partial least square regression (PLSR). The model with ten principal components (PCs) developed using the raw spectra accurately predicted the apparent viscosity with correlation coefficient (*r*), standard error of prediction (SEP), and bias of 0.974, 8.6 cP, and −0.4 cP, respectively. The ratio of the SEP to the standard deviation (RPD) and the ratio of the SEP to the range (RER) for the prediction were 4.4 and 16.7, respectively. Therefore, the model can be used for measurement of the apparent viscosity of field latex and concentrated latex in quality assurance and process control in the factory.

**Index Headings:**

**Para rubber latex**;

**Near-infrared spectroscopy**;

**NIR spectroscopy**;

**Partial least squares regression**;

**PLSR**;

**Principle component analysis**;

**PCA**;

**Apparent viscosity**.