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Chemometric Method of Spectra Analysis Leading to Isolation of Lysozyme and CtDNA Spectra Affected by Osmolytes

Volume 66, Number 11 (Nov. 2012) Page 1302-1310

PIOTR BRUŹDZIAK,* PAULINA W. RAKOWSKA, and JANUSZ STANGRET


In this paper we present a chemometric method of analysis leading to isolation of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra of biomacromolecules (HEW lysozyme, ctDNA) affected by osmolytes (trimethylamine-N-oxide and N,N,N-trimethylglycine, respectively) in aqueous solutions. The method is based on the difference spectra method primarily used to characterize the structure of solvent affected by solute. The cyclical usage of factor analysis allows precise information to be obtained on the shape of “affected spectra” of analyzed biomacromolecules. “Affected spectra” of selected biomacromolecules give valuable information on their structure in the presence of the osmolytes in solution, as well as on the level of perturbation in dependence of osmolyte concentration. The method also gives a possibility of insight into the mechanism of interaction in presented types of systems. It can be easily adapted to various chemical and biochemical problems where vibrational or ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy is used.



Index Headings: Osmolytes; Lysozyme; ctDNA; Aqueous solutions; Factor analysis; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; FT-IR spectroscopy.