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FT-IR Standoff Detection of Thermally Excited Emissions of Trinitrotoluene (TNT) Deposited on Aluminum Substrates

Volume 67, Number 2 (Feb. 2013) Page 181-186

JOHN R. CASTRO-SUAREZ, LEONARDO C. PACHECO-LONDOÑO, MIGUEL VÉLEZ-REYES, MAX DIEM, THOMAS J. TAGUE JR, and SAMUEL P. HERNANDEZ-RIVERA*


A standoff detection system was assembled by coupling a reflecting telescope to a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer equipped with a cryo-cooled mercury cadmium telluride detector and used for detection of solid-phase samples deposited on substrates. Samples of highly energetic materials were deposited on aluminum substrates and detected at several collector–target distances by performing passive-mode, remote, infrared detection measurements on the heated analytes. Aluminum plates were used as support material, and 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) was used as the target. For standoff detection experiments, the samples were placed at different distances (4 to 55 m). Several target surface temperatures were investigated. Partial least squares regression analysis was applied to the analysis of the intensities of the spectra obtained. Overall, standoff detection in passive mode was useful for quantifying TNT deposited on the aluminum plates with high confidence up to target–collector distances of 55 m.



Index Headings: Infrared emission spectroscopy; Standoff detection; Reflecting telescope; Passive mode IR; Partial least squares regression analysis.