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Mid-Infrared Planar Silver Halide Waveguides with Integrated Grating Couplers

Volume 67, Number 9 (Sept. 2013) Page 1057-1063

THOMAS SCHÄDLE, ALEXANDER EIFERT, CHRISTINE KRANZ, YOSEF RAICHLIN, ABRAHAM KATZIR, and BORIS MIZAIKOFF*


Grating couplers for planar silver halide waveguides were designed and fabricated by using focused ion beam (FIB) milling technology, facilitating coupling of mid-infrared radiation from quantum cascade lasers into thin-film waveguide structures. An optimized rectangular grating structure for an emitted wavelength of 10.4 μm, with a grating constant of 16.4 μm was integrated into a silver halide waveguide substrate via an optimized FIB fabrication procedure. Efficient incoupling and radiation propagation through the waveguide was confirmed by analyzing droplets of acetic acid at different concentrations, deposited at the waveguide surface via evanescent field absorption spectroscopy.



Index Headings: Grating couplers; Silver halide waveguides; Planar waveguides; Mid-infrared sensors (MIR); Focused ion beam (FIB); Chemical sensor; AgX.