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Fiber-Optic Infrared Reflection Absorption Spectroscopy for Trace Analysis on Surfaces of Varying Roughness. Part II: Acetaminophen on Stainless Steel
Volume 62, Number 3 (March 2008) Page 312-318
Perston, Benjamin B.; Hamilton, Michelle L.; Harland, Peter W.; Thomson, Mary A.; Melling, Peter J.; Williamson, Bryce E.
Investigations of the effects of surface roughness on the utility of grazing-angle Fourier transform infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS) as a method for quantifying trace contamination of metal surfaces have been extended to acetaminophen, a model active pharmaceutical agent, on 316 stainless steel. The effects are more complicated than for the surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) on stainless steel; they include a strong surface-finish dependence of sensitivity and nonlinear behavior at surface loadings above ∼1-2 μg cm−2. Using data from samples in the loading range 0-0.5 μg cm−2, unbiased partial least squared calibrations can be readily achieved for individual surface finishes with detection limits of LD ≈ 0.15 μg cm−2. However, as found for SDS on stainless steel, models built using data from samples of mixed surface roughness are more problematic.