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Fabrication and Elimination of PTAA/P4VP Layer-by-Layer Films

Volume 62, Number 2 (Feb. 2008) Page 207-212

Jiang, Yan; Wu, Peiyi

Layer-by-layer (LBL) ultra-thin films have been assembled by alternate adsorption of poly(3-thiophene acetic acid) (PTAA) and poly(4-vinyl-pyridine) (P4VP) on planar quartz slides via hydrogen-bonding interaction. Subsequently, the multilayers can be controllably removed by changing the pH values of the aqueous solutions used for film immersion. Our present study is an attempt to reveal the mechanisms of the multilayer film with two-dimensional (2D) ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) correlation spectroscopy. UV-vis spectroscopy is primarily employed here to monitor the buildup and removal of the ultra-thin films. 2D correlation analysis is performed on the basis of the corresponding spectra for further studies. The morphology of the multilayer film is characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). When eliminated in alkaline and acidic aqueous solutions, the polymers in the films show diverse phenomena mainly due to the different extents of dissociation of PTAA and protonation of P4VP at different pH values. In alkaline solution, the elimination of PTAA takes place before P4VP, while in acid solution, the removal of these two polymers adopts a reverse order.