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Reproducibility of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra of Compost, Municipal Solid Waste, and Landfill Material

Volume 62, Number 2 (Feb. 2008) Page 190-196

Meissl, K.; Smidt, E.; Tintner, J.


The reproducibility of infrared spectra from different waste materials such as compost, mechanically-biologically treated (MBT) municipal solid waste, and landfill materials was investigated. Reproducibility tests focused mainly on infrared spectra and parameter prediction from the spectrum developed for composts and MBT-waste, as well as band height ratio measurement for landfill materials in terms of practical applications. Compared to compost and landfill material, the reproducibility of infrared spectra from MBT-waste was considerably lower. Accordingly, sample preparation was modified and maximum mean deviation was minimized from 8.3% to 4.2%. The number of required spectra replicates was determined in consideration of practical aspects such as parameter prediction for composts and MBT-waste and the measurement of band height ratios (2925/1630 cm−1) of landfill materials. For composts two-fold measurements and for MBT-waste and landfill materials three-fold measurements were considered appropriate.