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Use of Raman Spectroscopy to Evaluate the Selectivity of Bifunctional Anion Exchange Resins for Perchlorate

Volume 62, Number 2 (Feb. 2008) Page 157-165

Mosier-Boss, P.A.

Raman spectroscopy is used to evaluate the selectivity of two bifunctional anion exchange resins, Purolite A-530 and Amberlite PWA-2. It was found that the adsorption of anions on the resins is described by a Frumkin isotherm, which is determined by the ion pair constant, K, and the Frumkin parameter, g. The ion pair constant, K, is a measure of the strength of interaction between the resin and the anion and the Frumkin parameter, g, takes into account interactions between adsorbed anions. Although both resins have a polystyrene backbone and trihexylammonium and triethylammonium functional groups, the Purolite A-530 resin exhibits greater selectivity for perchlorate. The only discernable differences between the two resins is that the Amberlite PWA-2 has a higher trihexylamine content and the Purolite A-530 resin exhibits greater cross-linking. How the trihexylamine/triethylamine content and the degree of cross-linking affects the performance of these resins is discussed.