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Requirements for Relative Intensity Correction of Raman Spectra Obtained by Column-Summing Charge-Coupled Device Data

Volume 61, Number 7 (July 2007) Page 694-700

Hurst, Wilbur S.; Choquette, Steven J.; Etz, Edgar S.

The relative intensity correction of Raman spectra requires the measurement of a source of known relative irradiance. Raman spectrometers that employ two-dimensional charge-coupled device (CCD) array detectors may be operated in two distinct modes. One mode directly measures the counts in each CCD pixel, but more commonly for the collection of spectra, the counts in the CCD row pixels are summed for a given column. If distortions in the corrected spectral shapes are to be avoided, operation in the mode where rows are summed places restrictions on the spatial intensity profile of the source of known irradiance that is used for the relative intensity correction procedure and, in some cases, also on the spatial intensity profile of the measured Raman light. Numerical expressions are given from which these restrictions can be derived. Magnitudes of distortions that can arise when intensity-correcting spectra obtained with CCD data where rows in a column are summed are estimated by modeling different cases. Data are given showing the inherent pixel quantum efficiency variation that exists in CCDs. Spectra are given showing the effects of a local area of significant change in pixel quantum efficiency that was found to be present on one CCD detector.