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Attenuated Total Reflection Surface-Enhanced Infrared Absorption Microspectroscopy for Identification of Small Thin Layers on Material Surfaces

Volume 61, Number 3 (March 2007) Page 269-275

Sudo, Eiichi; Esaki, Yasuo; Sugiura, Motoyasu; Murase, Atsushi

Attenuated total reflection surface-enhanced infrared absorption microspectroscopy (micro-ATR-SEIRA) was developed for the identification of sub-mm size and nm-thick layers on material surfaces by using gold island films deposited on the surface of micro-ATR crystals. A thin layer of triphenyl phosphate (TPP) on a poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) membrane filter was used to evaluate the enhancement of the absorption bands. Three types of crystals: diamond, silicon, and germanium, were evaluated. Diamond gave the greatest enhancement with a 12 nm thick gold island film. The enhancement factor was 200 times compared to bare diamond crystal, whereas it was 10 times for germanium crystal. This variation of enhancement factor according to crystal types was presumed to be due to the morphology of the gold films on the crystals. We also obtained an enhanced ATR map over an area of approximately 2 × 6 mm for a thin layer (approximately 1 nm thick) of di-2-ethylhexylphthalate on PTFE using gold-coated hexagonal silicon micro-ATR crystals. This micro-ATR-SEIRA technique has major potential for analyzing small and thin substances on material surfaces.