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Analysis of the Effect of Particle Size on Polymorphic Quantitation by Raman Spectroscopy
Volume 60, Number 9 (Sept. 2006) Page 977-984
Hu, Yuerong; Wikström, Håkan; Byrn, Stephen R.; Taylor, Lynne S.
Raman spectroscopy has been widely used to monitor various aspects of the crystallization process. Although it has long been known that particle size can influence Raman signal, relatively little research has been conducted in this area, in particular for mixtures of organic materials. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of particle size on quantification of polymorphic mixtures. Several sets of calibration samples containing different particle size fractions were prepared and Raman spectra were collected with different probes. Calibration models were built using both univariate and multivariate analysis. It was found that, for a single component system, Raman intensity decreased with increasing particle size. For mixtures, calibration models generated from the same particle size distribution as the sample yielded relatively good predictions of the actual sample composition. However, if the particle sizes of the calibration and unknown samples were different, prediction errors resulted. For extreme differences in particle sizes, prediction errors of up to 20% were observed. Prediction errors could be minimized by changing the sampling optics employed.