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Circulating Blood Volume Determination Using Electronic Spin Resonance Spectroscopy

Volume 60, Number 9 (Sept. 2006) Page 1078-1084

Facorro, Graciela; Bianchin, Ana; Boccio, José; Hager, Alfredo

There have been numerous methods proposed to measure the circulating blood volume (CBV). Nevertheless, none of them have been massively and routinely accepted in clinical diagnosis. This study describes a simple and rapid method, on a rabbit model, using the dilution of autologous red cells labeled with a nitroxide radical (Iodoacetamide-TEMPO), which can be detected by electronic spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. Blood samples were withdrawn and re-injected using the ears' marginal veins. The average CBV measured by the new method/body weight (CBVIAT/BW) was 59 ± 7 mL/kg (n = 33). Simultaneously, blood volume determinations using the nitroxide radical and 51Cr (CBVCr) were performed. In the plot of the difference between the methods (CBVIAT - CBVCr) against the average (CBVIAT + CBVCr)/2, the mean of the bias was −1.1 ± 6.9 mL and the limits of agreement (mean difference ±2 SD) were −14.9 and 12.7 mL. Lin's concordance correlation coefficient pc = 0.988. Thus, both methods are in close agreement. The development of a new method that allows a correct estimation of the CBV without using radioactivity, avoiding blood manipulation, and decreasing the possibility of blood contamination with similar accuracy and precision of that of the "gold standard method" is an innovative proposal.