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Observation of Room-Temperature 5D1 Luminescence of an Organoeuropium Complex Encapsulated in Sol-Gel Glass
Volume 60, Number 4 (April 2006) Page 418-422
In comparing emissions of the inorganic Eu3+ salts (chloride or nitrate) to organoeuropium complexes doped into optically transparent sol-gel glass, previous studies have indicated that changes in the local chemical environment by chelation or variation of the ligand or gel matrix compositions were found to leave the main spectral features of Eu3+ essentially unchanged; complexation just increases the emission intensity of europium and leads to broadening and splitting of the peaks. In all cases studied and irrespective of the excitation energy, the observable emission peaks result only from relaxations out of the 5D0 excited state of Eu3+ to the first five levels of the 7F ground manifold. The present research examines the luminescence behavior of EuCl3 and Eu-TETA (TETA is the macro cycle, 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane-1,4,8,11-tetraaceticacid) doped into a sol-gel host; in addition to emissions from the 5D0, emission from the 5D1 excited state of Eu3+ is observed for the first time.