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Fluorescence Enhancement of Carbendazim in the Presence of Cyclodextrins and Micellar Media: A Reappraisal

Volume 59, Number 7 (July 2005) Page 873-880

Maggio, Rubén M.; Piccirilli, Gisela N.; Escandar, Graciela M.

This study focuses on the spectrofluorimetric behavior of the pesticide carbendazim in the presence of selected organized assemblies and also on their potential analytical applications. The relatively weak fluorescence emission band of carbendazim is significantly enhanced by micellar media formed by sodium dodecyl sulfate, hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride, and decyltrimethylammonium bromide. The influence of the surfactant structures, concentrations, and working experimental conditions on the fluorescence spectra of carbendazim was thoroughly evaluated and discussed. Although the interaction of carbendazim with different cyclodextrins is rather weak, it was corroborated that the fluorescence intensity of this compound in the presence of (2-hydroxy)propyl β-cyclodextrin is increased by a factor of two. Among the studied organized media, the cationic surfactant hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide produced the largest signals for the compound of interest. Consequently, the optimal working conditions for the spectrofluorimetric determination of carbendazim in the presence of the latter detergent were analyzed, concluding that previous literature reports should be reconsidered.