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Determination of the Integrated Molar Absorptivity for C-ONO and C-NO2 Groups, Using FT-IR Spectroscopy

Volume 40, Number 7 (Oct. 1986) Page 1068-1069

Akhter, M.S.; Chughtai, A.R.; Smith, D.M.

Infrared absorptions occur over a range of frequencies, and absorption coefficients measured at any single frequency may not express the true intensity of a molecular transition. The integrated absorption coefficient is the sum of the absorption coefficients for all such frequencies in the band A = ∫ ε(v) dv. Integrated absorption coefficients have been used for a variety of applications, for the most part ignoring any inherent differences in molar absorptivity for molecules in different states of aggregation. Eischens and Jacknow have used a system using combined gravimetry and spectroscopy to calculate the ε for adsorbed species; that is, the extinction coefficient for a functional group of a molecule adsorbed on another surface. They also report that the ε for carbon monoxide on a surface vs. the same compound in solution can be assumed to be the same within the experimental accuracy; whether this conclusion can be generalized is not known.