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A Study of Na2O-TiO2-SiO2 Glasses by Infrared Spectroscopy

Volume 28, Number 3 (June 1974) Page 256-259

Manghnani, Murli H.; Ferraro, John R.; Basile, L.J.

The infrared absorption spectra of six Na2O-TiO2-SiO2 glasses in the frequency range of 1600 to 200 cm−1 are reported. These glasses, having a SiO2/Na2O molar ratio of 1.67 to 3.54, and containing 20 or 25 mole % TiO2, demonstrate two main absorptions at ~950 cm−1 and at ~450 cm−1. A weak absorption at ~790 cm−1 becomes progressively weaker in intensity, and a weak shoulder at 1050 cm−1 appears with increasing Na2O content. The frequency of the absorption band at ~950 cm−1 is found to decrease markedly and systematically with a decrease in the SiO2/Na2O molar ratio, whereas the frequency of the band at ~450 cm−1 shows a slight increase. The infrared results may be interpreted in terms of a lowering of symmetry occurring for the SiO4 units. The effect of TiO2 content on the relationship between vibrational frequency is discussed. The frequency composition curves for glasses containing 20 and 25 mole % of TiO2 intersect at SiO2/Na2O ratio ~2. A reversal in the frequency vs SiO2/Na2O ratio relation was also found at SiO2/Na2O ~2 for the sodium silicate glasses.