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On the Use of Spectroscopic Techniques for Interaction Studies, Part I: Complexation Between Europium and Small Organic Ligands

Volume 59, Number 4 (April 2005) Page 432-441

Plancque, Gabriel; Maurice, Yoann; Moulin, Valérie; Toulhoat, Pierre; Moulin, Christophe

In the framework of environmental studies, it is important to understand the interaction of humic substances with cations (heavy metals, radionuclides) and to determine their complexation constants in order to evaluate their potential impact on their fate. For this purpose, two techniques have been used: electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, a newly used technique in speciation studies, and time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectrometry, a well-known technique for such studies. As a first step, for simplification purposes and to compare both techniques, simple molecules having functional groups present in humic substances have been selected, such as acetic, glycolic, and 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acids. Both techniques have been used to obtain stoichiometries and complexation constants between these simple molecules and europium (III).