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Advantageous Apodization Functions for Magnitude-Mode Fourier Transform Spectroscopy

Volume 41, Number 1 (Jan. 1987) Page 93-98

Lee, Judy P.; Comisarow, Melvin B.

A systematic examination of the efficacy of window functions for reducing the spectral skirt of magnitude-mode Fourier transform spectra is reported. The efficacy is examined for the general case of a damped time-domain signal, with specific cases ranging from undamped to essentially completely damped signals. The choice of the optimal window is dependent upon the required dynamic range and the amount of damping in the time-domain data. For a dynamic range of less than 100:1 and moderate damping, the Hamming window is the window of choice. For larger dynamic ranges or greater damping, the 3-term Blackman-Harris window and the Kaiser-Bessel window are the windows of choice. The 3-term Blackman-Harris window is preferred for a dynamic range of 1,000:1 and the Kaiser-Bessel window is preferred for a dynamic range of 10,000:1. The sensitivity (signal-to-noise ratio) reduction for windows is reported for a damping range from zero to essentially complete damping. All windows examined have the same sensitivity reduction within 25%.