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Diffuse Reflectance FT-IR Studies of the Adsorption of CO on Rh/Al2O3 Catalysts

Volume 41, Number 4 (June 1987) Page 682-688

Hamadeh, Issam M.; Griffiths, Peter R.

The diffuse reflectance/FT-IR spectrum of CO/Rh/Al2O3 system has been investigated in terms of pretreatment of the catalyst, Rh loading, CO pressure (coverage), and coadsorption of CO with oxygen. The widths of all bands were narrowed by Fourier self-deconvolution (FSD), and six types of CO/Rh adsorbed species, including two which have not been assigned previously, have been identified by their C-O stretching frequencies. Species I, assigned to Rh(I)(CO)2, is formed with isolated Rh atoms and/or edge Rh atoms of atomic "rafts" and/or atomic crystallites. Species II is assigned to Rh(O)-CO. Species III' is assigned to [Rh(O)]2CO. Species VI is assigned to [Rh(I)]2CO. Two new species—IIIa, assigned to [Rh(O)]3CO, with underlying Rh atom, and VI', assigned to [Rh(I)]2 (CO)3—are postulated.