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Eliminating the Interference Pattern in Near-Infrared Spectra Used for Identification of Thin Plastic Foils

Volume 58, Number 6 (June 2004) Page 693-697

Jeszenszky, Éva; Kocsányi, Lászlo; Richter, Péter

A Fourier type filtering method is proposed for the pretreatment of near-infrared (NIR) spectra of thin (<100 μm) transparent plastic foils before their identification by means of multivariate calibration methods. The interference of multiply reflected beams from the boundary surfaces of the foil causes a disturbing signal component in the spectrum and the identification becomes impossible. The purpose of the filtering is to eliminate the interference pattern from the spectrum. In the Fourier transformed NIR spectrum against the wavenumber there appears a discrete spectral component caused by the interference. This component can be recognized and cut off. After inverse Fourier transformation of such pretreated spectra, absorption peaks are free from interference modulation, so application of multivariate calibration methods is much more effective. With principal component analysis (PCA) on cluster plots, visual distinction between different plastics becomes possible. Correct class membership is provided by use of the Mahalanobis distance.