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UltravioletVisible and Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Spectroscopy Studies on Self-Assembled Metalloporphyrin Films on Organic Monolayer-Modified Ultra-Thin Silver Substrates

Volume 58, Number 3 (March 2004) Page 287-291

Li, Xiaoling; Xu, Weiqing; Jia, Huiying; Wang, Xu; Zhao, Bing; Li, Bofu; Ozaki, Yukihiro

A self-assembled monolayer (SAM) film of 5,10,15,20-tetra-(para-chlorophenyl)-porphyrin terbium (or lutetium) hydroxy compound (TbOH/LuOH) fabricated on a silver substrate premodified with a SAM of 4-mercaptopyridine (PySH) was studied by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy. PySH can modify the substrate and deliver its pyridyl group pointing out from the silver surface. Thus, we can investigate the effects of the central metals of the metalloporphyrins in the formation of the composite films. For the TbOH-PySH composite film, a new absorption band arising from TbOH appears at 425 nm, and a band at 512 nm due to the PySH-modified silver substrate shifts to a longer wavelength (538 nm). The results suggest that TbOH is successfully assembled on the top of PySH-modified silver film and that there is an interaction between TbOH and PySH in the film. The frequency shifts and relative intensity changes of bands due to PySH in the SERS spectra imply the coordination of the pyridyl group on Tb in the SAM. As for the LuOH-PySH composite film, its SERS spectrum shows bands arising from both the LuOH and PySH moieties, indicating that LuOH is assembled on the PySH-modified silver film. Furthermore, a band at 1221 cm-1 due to the in-plane C-H bending mode of PySH disappears, implying that the pyridyl moiety of PySH becomes more parallel to the silver surface upon the formation of the LuOH-PySH composite film. Additionally, an absorption band at 515 nm shifts to a longer wavelength (541 nm) and becomes broad upon the formation of the composite film, suggesting an interaction between LuOH and PySH in the film. By comparing the spectral changes between the two selfassembled composite films, we find that the central metal is crucial in the formation of the composite films. The structure and orientation of the composite films depend on the central metal of the metalloporphyrin compounds.