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Application of Two-Dimensional Correlation Spectroscopy to Chemometrics: Self-Modeling Curve Resolution Analysis of Spectral Data Sets

Volume 57, Number 11 (Nov. 2003) Page 1376-1380

Jung, Young Mee; Kim, Seung Bin; Noda, Isao

This paper demonstrates the use of two-dimensional (2D) correlation spectroscopy in conjunction with alternating least squares (ALS) based self-modeling curve resolution (SMCR) analysis of spectral data sets. This iterative regression technique utilizes the non-negativity constraints for spectral intensity and concentration. ALS-based SMCR analysis assisted with 2D correlation was applied to Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra of a polystyrene/methyl ethyl ketone/deuterated toluene (PS/MEK/d-toluene) solution mixture during the solvent evaporation process to obtain the pure component spectra and then the time-dependent concentration profiles of these three components during the evaporation process. We focus the use of asynchronous 2D correlation peaks for the identification of pure variables needed for the initial estimates of the ALS process. Choosing the most distinct bands via the positions of asynchronous 2D peaks is a viable starting point for ALS iteration. Once the pure variables are selected, ALS regression can be used to obtain the concentration profiles and pure component spectra. The obtained pure component spectra of MEK, d-toluene, and PS matched well with known spectra. The concentration profiles for components looked reasonable.