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Flow-Through Fourier Transform Infrared Sensor for Total Hydrocarbons Determination in Water

Volume 63, Number 9 (Sept. 2009) Page 1015-1021

Pérez-Palacios, David; Armenta, Sergio; Lendl, Bernhard


A new flow-through Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) sensor for oil in water analysis based on solid-phase spectroscopy on octadecyl (C18) silica particles has been developed. The C18 non-polar sorbent is placed inside the sensor and is able to retain hydrocarbons from water samples. The system does not require the use of chlorinated solvents, reducing the environmental impact, and the minimal sample handling stages serve to ensure sample integrity whilst reducing exposure of the analyst to any toxic hydrocarbons present within the samples. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra were recorded by co-adding 32 scans at a resolution of 4 cm−1 and the band located at 1462 cm−1 due to the CH2 bending was integrated from 1475 to 1450 cm−1 using a baseline correction established between 1485 and 1440 cm−1 using the areas as analytical signal. The technique, which provides a limit of detection (LOD) of 22 mg L−1 and a precision expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD) lower than 5%, is considerably rapid and allows for a high level of automation.