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Application of Partial Least-Squares Regression to Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopic Determination of Shive Content in Flax

Volume 57, Number 5 (May 2003) Page 551-556

Sohn, Miryeong; Barton, Franklin E.; Morrison, Wiley H.; Archibald, Douglas D.


Shive, the nonfiberous core portion of the stem, in flax fiber after retting is related to fiber quality. The objective of this study is to develop a standard calibration model for determining shive content in retted flax by using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Calibration samples were prepared by manually mixing pure, ground shive and pure, ground fiber from flax retted by three different methods (water, dew, and enzyme retting) to provide a wide range of shive content from 0 to 100%. Partial least-squares (PLS) regression was used to generate a calibration model, and spectral data were processed using various pretreatments such as a multiplicative scatter correction (MSC), normalization, derivatives, and Martens' Uncertainty option to improve the calibration model. The calibration model developed with a single sample set resulted in a standard error of 1.8% with one factor. The best algorithm was produced from first-derivative processing of the spectral data. MSC was not effective processing for this model. However, a big bias was observed when independent sample sets were applied to this calibration model to predict shive content in flax fiber. The calibration model developed using a combination sample set showed a slightly higher standard error and number of factors compared to the model for a single sample set, but this model was sufficiently accurate to apply to each sample set. The best algorithm for the combination sample set was generated from second derivatives followed by MSC processing of spectral data and from Martens' Uncertainty option; it resulted in a standard error of 2.3% with 2 factors. The value of the digital second derivative centered at 1674 nm for these spectral data was highly correlated to shive content of flax and could form the basis for a simple, low-cost sensor for the shive or fiber content in retted flax.