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Perturbation of Surface Species on Zeolite HY by Xe Observed by FT-IR Spectroscopy

Volume 43, Number 8 (Dec. 1989) Page 1370-1374

Wang, H. Paul; Garland, Ben A.; Gerhard, Achim; Liang, Jim; Eyring, Edward M.

The perturbation of surface species of zeolite HY by Xe has been studied with the use of in situ FT-IR spectroscopy. The Brönsted acid sites, characterized by a band at 3638 cm−1, are located in the zeolite super-cages, as suggested previously, while Brönsted acid sites attributed to a 3545-cm−1 band are located in the small zeolite cages and are inaccessible to the Xe molecules. The Brönsted acid sites in the supercages are found to have a weaker acidity than those in the small cages. The data also indicate that pyridine molecules are more strongly bonded to the super-cage Brönsted acid sites than are the NH3 molecules. This work is an example of the usefulness of liquid-nitrogen-temperature FT-IR techniques, coupled with multiple-scan data acquisition methods, for studying weak interactions between Xe and zeolite surface species in detail. This work also shows how FT-IR spectroscopy can complement Xe-129 NMR spectroscopy in studies of the nature of zeolite surface species using Xe as a probe molecule.