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Infrared Study of Substituted Nitrobenzenes in Carbon Tetrachloride and Chloroform Solutions

Volume 44, Number 9 (Nov. 1990) Page 1552-1557

Nyquist, R.A.; Settineri, S.E.

Both the vNO2 modes are affected by solute/solvent interaction for nitrobenzenes in CHCl3 and/or CCl4 1% or less solutions. The vasym.NO2 mode decreases in frequency in the order of physical phase: vapor, CCl4 solution, and CHCl3 solution. The vsym.NO2 mode generally increases in frequency in going from CCl4 solution to CHCl3 solution. However, in the few cases when the vsym.NO2 mode decreases in frequency, this frequency decrease is a factor of ~0.5 or less than the frequency decrease for vasym.NO2. In cases where a C=O or a SO2 group is also joined to the 4-nitrophenyl group, the SO2 or C=O group is also affected by solute/solvent interaction. Physical factors such as intermolecular hydrogen bonding, dipolar effects, chemical effects, and steric factors of both solute and solvent appear to be involved in determining the degree of solute/solvent interaction.