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Calibration Transfer in the Automated Detection of Acetone by Passive Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry

Volume 54, Number 5 (May 2000) Page 706-714

IV, Frederick W. Koehler; Small, Gary W.; Combs, Roger J.; Knapp, Robert B.; Kroutil, Robert T.

The qualitative determination of acetone is performed by passive Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometry with data spanning two spectrometers. Digital filtering and piecewise linear discriminant analysis techniques are optimized and applied directly to short interferogram segments to eliminate background and instrument variation and then perform pattern recognition. Once optimized, this methodology classifies remote sensing data into categories representing the presence or absence of the analyte in an automated fashion. The addition to the training set of small numbers of interferogram data from a second spectrometer is evaluated in the creation of qualitative models robust with respect to differences between the instruments. Results of these experiments show that classification percentages averaged across all tested interferogram segments are improved from 76.2 ± 6.4% to 95.1 ± 2.2% with the addition of as few as 10 background interferograms collected in the field with the secondary instrument. The results also demonstrate that a broader, more optimal range of segments in the interferogram can be utilized when these background data are added from the secondary instrument. It is also found possible to standardize the data from the secondary instrument with blackbody background interferograms collected in the laboratory.