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Infrared Emission Spectroscopy of Coal Minerals and their Thermal Transformations

Volume 46, Number 1 (Jan. 1992) Page 73-78

Vassallo, A.M.; Cole-Clarke, P.A.; Pang, L.S.K.; Palmisano, A.J.


An infrared (IR) emission cell which is capable of operation up to 1500°C is described. The cell is based on an atomic absorption graphite furnace and is coupled to a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. The spectrometer has been used to measure the emission spectrum of quartz from 200 to 1400°C, and the changes in the spectrum occurring with temperature can be related to the formation of cristobalite; transitions between low and high forms (alpha and beta forms) can also be monitored. Aragonite has also been analyzed through the temperature range 100 to 600°C, and the aragonite/calcite transition is clearly evident. The transformation of kaolinite to metakaolinite and through to mullite and cristobalite has also been studied with this in situ technique. The formation of mullite is evident in the spectrum at temperatures as low as 900°C, and the formation of cristobalite is clearly seen at 1200°C.