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The Use of Singular Value Variance-Decomposition Proportions in FT-IR Analysis of Gases and Vapors
Volume 46, Number 5 (May 1992) Page 800-806
Issues in the application of spectral least-squares methods to Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry are discussed with emphasis on collinearity problems in vapor and gas reference spectra. Excessive collinearity may degrade the accuracy and reliability of prediction. Several methods that detect and diagnose collinearity are developed and tested with the use of numerical experiments. The condition number is based on the singular values in the reference spectra matrix and provides a stable and composite measure of collinearity. Variance-decomposition proportions and auxiliary regressions identify the spectra that form dependencies. Application of the methods to spectra of common vapors and gases shows complex and potentially degrading dependencies that would not be seen by examining correlation coefficients or other statistics measuring only pair-wise dependencies. A method to estimate the precision of results for specified signal-to-noise ratios and degree of collinearity is evaluated.