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Mid-Infrared Trace Gas Analysis with Single-Pass Fourier Transform Infrared Hollow Waveguide Gas Sensors

Volume 63, Number 3 (March 2009) Page 331-337

Kim, Seong-Soo; Menegazzo, Nicola; Young, Christina; Chan, James; Carter, Chance; Mizaikoff, Boris

A hollow core optical fiber gas sensor has been developed in combination with a Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer operating in the spectral range of 4000-500 cm−1, enabling continuous detection of small volume gas-phase analytes such as CH4, CO2, C2H5Cl, or their mixtures at trace levels. Ag/Ag-halide hollow core optical fibers simultaneously serve as an optical waveguide for broad-band mid-infrared radiation and as a miniaturized absorption gas cell. Specifically, carbon dioxide, methane, and ethyl chloride as well as binary mixtures in a carrier gas were analyzed during exponential dilution experiments. In the studies reported here, the integration of an optical gas sensor with FT-IR spectroscopy provides excellent detection limits for small gas volumes (∼1.5 mL) of individual analytes at a few tens of parts per billion (ppb, vol/vol) for carbon dioxide and a few hundreds of ppb (vol/vol) for methane. Furthermore, the broad-band nature of the radiation source and of the hollow core optical waveguide provides the capability of multi-constituent analysis in mixtures.