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Application of DRIFT Spectroscopy and Chemometrics for the Comparison of Cotton Fabrics

Volume 47, Number 6 (June 1993) Page 741-748

Gilbert, Christina; Kokot, Serge; Meyer, Ulrich

Two sets of cotton fabrics—one consisting of different types of fabric and the other of a fabric sampled sequentially during its normal processing stages—were investigated by DRIFT spectroscopy. The band assignments were consistent with previous work but, in general, the spectra could not be differentiated on visual examination. However, they were successfully qualitatively and quantitatively distinguished with the use of chemometrics; a chemical basis for fabric clustering was also indicated. This approach is a significant improvement on previously reported work with KBr disk IR sampling.