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Asynchronous Pulsed-Laser-Excited Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy and Its Applications

Volume 47, Number 9 (Sept. 1993) Page 1457-1461

Sakamoto, Akira; Furukawa, Yukio; Tasumi, Mitsuo; Masutani, Koji

An asynchronous pulsed-laser-excited Fourier transform Raman spectrophotometer based on a conventional continuous-scan interferometer has been developed. The additional assembly required for pulsed-laser-excited measurements, which consists of a pulsed Nd:YAG laser, a gate circuit, and a low-pass filter, can be attached to any conventional FT-Raman spectrophotometer. The principle of the signal-processing of this method is almost the same as that of the asynchronous time-resolved Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy reported previously. This method does not require the synchronization between the Raman excitation and the sampling of the A/D converter. As an application of this method, it is demonstrated that the use of a pulsed laser and a gate circuit can give a significant increase in signal-to-noise ratios over continuous-wave measurements with the same average laser power. It is also shown that when a constant background (for example, thermal radiation from samples at high temperatures) or a long-lived background is present, the use of pulsed excitation and a gate circuit can effectively reduce the background. Moreover, pulsed excitation can be used for recording time-resolved Raman spectra by using an FT-Raman spectrophotometer. The time resolution is governed only by the width of the probe laser pulse. The potentiality of this method is demonstrated.