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Spectroscopic Sensing with a Highly Transparent, Ion-Exchangeable Polymer Blend

Volume 51, Number 11 (Nov. 1997) Page 1745-1752

Gao, Letian; Seliskar, Carl J.; Milstein, Lisa

A polymer blend formulation originally patented by the National Aeronaticautical and Space Administration (NASA) has been modified for use in spectroscopic sensing. The cured polymer blend is a mixture of poly(acrylic acid) in glutaraldehyde cross-linked poly(vinyl alcohol). We have optimized the composition and the casting of the blend for optical sensing. The blend has clear ultraviolet (UV) and visible spectral regions for direct spectroscopic sensing, and it is an excellent absorber of many inorganic and organic cations from aqueous solution. The kinetics of the uptake of [Ru(BiPy)3] 2+ and rhodamine 620 are presented as examples of com- plex ion preconcentration by the blend. With only the polymer blend directly applied as a fiber-optic cladding, aqueous Cu 2+ ion can be detected as low as 10 -6 M by using a light-emitting diode at 810 nm as a light source. A blend-clad fiber-optic sensor can be regenerated at least 25 X without significant deterioration. The polymer blend can also trap hydrophobic compleximetric reagents added during the curing of the cross-linked blend. A prototype compleximetric dye-based evanescent-wave fiber-optic sensor using 1-(2'-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol was developed to detect aqueous Co 2+ with a red HeNe laser light source. The Co 2+ ion could be detected as low as 10 -7 M.