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Background-Free Species Detection in Sooty Flames Using Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing

Volume 47, Number 10 (Oct. 1993) Page 1620-1622

Kröll, S.; Löfström, C.; Aldén, M.


The background radiation disturbance in luminous environments has been compared for degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) for OH radical detection in a sooty propane/ oxygen flame. The LIF signal generally was considerably stronger than the DFWM signal, but in strongly sooty environments the LIF signal was accompanied by a significant background signal, while the DFWM signal was background-free under all soot loads tested.