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Vapor-Phase Spectra and the Pressure-Temperature Dependence of Long-Chain Carboxylic Acids Studied by a CO Laser and the Photoacoustic Heat-Pipe Detector

Volume 49, Number 7 (July 1995) Page 994-999

Jalink, Henk; Bicanic, Dane; Franko, Mladen; Bozóki, Zoltán


A resonant photoacoustic heat-pipe (PAHP) cell was constructed and used for spectral studies of four long-chain saturated fatty acids (C10:0 to C16:0) at CO laser wavelengths and temperatures above that of the ambient. Vapor-phase absorption spectra were recorded at temperatures of 383 K for capric acid C10H20O29 400 K for lauric acid C12H24O29 438 K for myristic acid C14H28O29 and 445.5 K for palmitic acid C16H32O29 respectively. In addition, the temperature dependence (298 to 393 K) of vapor pressure was determined for C10:0; measurable PA signals were obtained at a temperature only a few degrees above the melting point for this acid. The data observed for C10:0 could be linearly fitted from as low as 323 K, indicating the validity of the Clausius-Clapeyron equation for temperatures lower than the 398 K < T < 541.4 K range anticipated so far.