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Constant-Fraction Discrimination/Boxcar Integrator for Plasma Source Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

Volume 49, Number 5 (May 1995) Page 660-664

Yang, Pengyuan; Myers, David P.; Li, Gangqiang; Hieftje, Gary M.


A constant-fraction discrimination (CFD) system has been combined with a boxcar integrator for detection in inductively coupled plasma/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The discriminator provides gating logic for the boxcar integrator when an incoming ion signal occurs, but discriminates against electronic or background noise of lower amplitude. As a result, the combination can effectively reject noise and accumulate analyte signal, rather than relying on an averaging process to reduce noise levels. The signal-to-noise ratio is therefore enhanced in this operation compared with the conventional boxcar method. The dynamic range of the detection system is at least five orders of magnitude.