Makoto Okawara received a Master’s degree from Niigata University. He worked at Honda Automobile R&D Center after graduation. He received his PhD from Niigata University under the supervision of Professor Tomiichi-Hasegawa in the field of fluid dynamics (rheology) in 2008. After he worked at Seiko Epson co., Ltd., he joined Industrial Research Institute of Niigata Prefecture (IRI-Niigata). His main work was to resolve problems in the small companies in Niigata Prefecture using mechanical characterization techniques and SEM image analysis.